Localizing a Nearforums website
All strings in the Nearforums application are output through a
T() method that can look up a translated string based on the default site culture. By default, Nearforums includes values for English (en-US) and Spanish (es-ES), but you can
add support for additional cultures. To localize a site for a culture, you download and install the appropriate set of .po files, and then you update your site settings as shown in this section.
Note In .NET Framework applications, localization is usually done using .resx files and satellite assemblies. Nearforums takes a more lightweight approach that uses .po files. This file format is
used on other open source projects as Wordpress
or Orchard. The great thing about .po files is that it can be loaded and unloaded on demand. Like .resx files, .po files are a standard format for which
many tools exist.
Installing a translation file
Go to www.nearforums.com/localize and download the
.po translation file of your culture. If the translation file for your culture does not exist, you could create your own by copying the en-us.po file delivered on the installation and renaming to your culture code.
Translation File Format
The following illustration shows the format of a translation file. Each text string is represented by elements listed in the following table.
|A reference (see below)
|The current English string for reference. This helps the translator.
|The translated string.
Please make sure when working with .po files that the files are saved in UTF-8 with Byte Order Mark. This is usually a setting in your text editor (in Notepad it is under the Encoding drop-down in the "Save As"
Switching the site to another culture
To change the default culture for the application, go to the Site.config file located on the
Config folder. Edit the cultureName attribute value on the
The cultureName value must match the name of the .po file, located on the path ~/content/localization/.
This document is based on
Orchard Project: Creating global ready applications, licensed under New BSD License (BSD).